You are here

Humerus Anatomy

  Humerus - Anterior view

 Humerus - Anterior view

  1. Greater tuberosity: supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor insertions site.
  2. Intertubercular groove: long head of biceps tendon runs throught it.
  3. Humeral head: average 23mm radius; 19mm thickness; center is offset 7mm medially and 2mm posterior to humeral axis; retroverted 19 degrees; inclined 41 degrees.
  4. Lesser tuberosity: subscapularis insertion site.
  5. Surgical neck: common fracture site.
  6. Humeral shaft
  7. Medial column
  8. Coronoid fossa
  9. Medial epicondlye
  10. Trochlea
  11. Capitellum
  12. Lateral epicondyle
  13. Lateral column


Humerus - Posterior View

Humerus - Posterior View

  1. Greater tuberosity
  2. Humeral head
  3. Humeral shaft
  4. Medial column
  5. Olecranon fossa
  6. Medial epicondyle
  7. Trochlea
  8. Capitellum
  9. Lateral epicondyle
  10. Lateral column
Humerus - Lateral View

Humerus - Lateral View

  1. Lessor Tuberosity
  2. Intertubercular groove
  3. Greater Tuberosity
  4. Humeral head
  5. Center of humeral head
  6. Othopedic/anatomic axis of humerus
  7. Humeral shaft
  8. Lateral epicondyle
  9. Capitellum
  10. Coronoid fossa
Humerus - Medial View

Humerus - Medial View

  1. Humeral head: articulates with glenoid
  2. Lesser tuberosity: insertion of subscapularis tendon
  3. Humeral Shaft
  4. Trochlea: articulates with ulna
  5. Medial epicondyle: origin of hand and wrist flexors



The information on this website is intended for orthopaedic surgeons.  It is not intended for the general public. The information on this website may not be complete or accurate.  The eORIF website is not an authoritative reference for orthopaedic surgery or medicine and does not represent the "standard of care".  While the information on this site is about health care issues and sports medicine, it is not medical advice. People seeking specific medical advice or assistance should contact a board certified physician.  See Site Terms / Full Disclaimer