You are here

PIP Arthritis M19.049 715.14

PIP arthrodesis xray

PIP arthrodesis lateral view

PIP fusion xray

PIP fusion lateral view

synonyms: proximal interphalageal joint arthritis

PIP Arthritis ICD-10

PIP Arthritis ICD-9

  • 715.14 Osteoarthritis, localized, primary; hand

PIP Arthritis Etiology / Epidemiology / Natural History

  • Etiology: osteoarthritis, posttraumatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis

PIP Arthritis Anatomy

PIP Arthritis Clinical Evaluation

  • Pain and loss of motion in PIP joint of affected digit. RA patients often have gross deformity / subluxation

PIP Arthritis Xray / Diagnositc Tests

  • P/A, lateral and oblique views of affected finger / thumb demonstrate varying degrees of Joint space narrowing, sclerosis, osteophytosis

PIP Arthritis Classification / Treatment

  • Index Finger
    Treatment = PIP arthrodesis (maintains pinch strength)
  • Long, Ring, Small Finger with soft-tissue laxity
    Treatment = semiconstrained silicone PIP arthroplasty
  • Long, Ring, Small Finger with stable joint
    Treatment =nonconstrained pyrolytic carbon or metal-plastic PIP arthroplasty

PIP Arthritis Associated Injuries / Differential Diagnosis

  • PIP Dislocation
  • DIP Arthritis
  • MCP arthritis

PIP Arthritis Complications

  • Instability
  • Infection
  • Flexion deformity
  • Squeaking
  • Loss of motion

PIP Arthritis Follow-up Care

PIP Arthritis Review References

  • Greens Hand Surgery


The information on this website is intended for orthopaedic surgeons.  It is not intended for the general public. The information on this website may not be complete or accurate.  The eORIF website is not an authoritative reference for orthopaedic surgery or medicine and does not represent the "standard of care".  While the information on this site is about health care issues and sports medicine, it is not medical advice. People seeking specific medical advice or assistance should contact a board certified physician.  See Site Terms / Full Disclaimer